GRE Practice Test
The Microedu.com offers a full verbal test - 6 sentence completion
questions, 8 reading comprehension questions, 7 analogy questions, and 9 antonym
Go to the answers with complete explanations
GRE Sample Verbal Test
Time ---30 Minutes
GRE Sentence Completion
birds that simply spread viruses from an animal to another animal, pigs are the
viruses swap genes and
become----, deadly germs.
(A) comprehensive.. small
(B) complicated.. general
(C) frustrated.. important
(D) mixing.. new
(E) lethal.. big
2. Ancient cities
were----destroyed, but archeologists have found sufficient information to
demonstrate an occasionally----but generally complete picture in Tan Era.
(A) mostly.. fragmentary
(B) obviously.. necessary
(C) unwittingly.. whole
(D) partially.. famous
(E) fully.. necessary
3. Since the primary
criterion to evaluate a company is its current performance, analysts ------ to
consider its previous credit.
4. According to
Maslow's theory of need hierarchy, material is
the ---- demand of human beings, in that it provides the founding floor from
which the other demands are generated.
5. To be a true leader,
a manager must not be too----: any effective leader depends on the ability of
other people to----with each other.
(A) popular.. agree
(B) adventurous ..communicate
(C) independent.. cooperate
(D) self-confident.. argue
(E) pragmatic.. disagree
6. It is not surprising
that superior service can generate competitive advantage for a company, but the
effort taken to improve service can often be -----------.
The cutting-edge science
is ringing alarm bells. Avian flu virus picked up by pigs can swap genetic
materials with another flu virus already in the pig and become a new, hitherto
unknown flu virus for which no person, no animal has preexisting immunity. The
kind of virus causes a pandemic because it spreads from human to human.
If you took a peek into
history, it turns out that previous influenza pandemics have similar scenarios.
The greatest influenza pandemic in 1918 caused more than 20 million deaths of
soldiers stationed in France. The last influenza pandemic was in 1968, known as
the Hong Kong flu (H3N2). Thousands of deaths and millions were infected
The other examples are
the Nipah virus and Japanese Encephalitis virus, which find pigs to be good
hosts. With JE, the virus circulates in the blood of infected pigs. When
infected pigs are bitten by Culex mosquitoes, the virus replicates in the
mosquito's gut. The next time the mosquito bites a human, the virus is passed
on. The pig doesn't get sick as such. The Nipah virus causes pneumonia symptoms
in pigs. In humans, it causes encephalitis, and humans catch it only with direct
contact with infected pigs. Symptoms range from mild headache to permanent brain
damage, and can be fatal.
It's merely a phenomenon
of nature that the pig is the "mixing vessel" for the new germ. But make no
mistake, the pig is not the villain, neither is the chicken. It's actually us,
and our horrible farm practices, outdated agricultural policy and, most of all,
reckless disregard of our ecology and environment. "Hygiene and management can
control what eventually happens," says Lam. "Good farming practice will prevent
serious outbreaks and infection to humans." Despite knowing that, animal
diseases and the possibility of transmission to humans are becoming quite
alarming. Of the 35 new emerging diseases in the last 20 years, more than 70 per
cent involved animals.
In fact, what we may
have done is unwittingly create the perfect launch pad for an influenza pandemic
that will likely kill large numbers of people across the globe. Although
scientists say it's impossible to predict the odds that the virus will alter its
genetic form radically enough to start leaping from human to human, the longer
H5N1 is out there killing chickens, the higher the chances are.
1. Which of the
following statement can be inferred from the passage?
(A) New emerging
diseases causes more deaths of human than animal.
(B) Animals are the
villain for most flues.
(C) Hygiene and
management can not control the spread of viruses.
(D) The current bird flu
epidemic may be a launch pad for the next influenza pandemic.
(E) The influenza
pandemic is always a regional phenomenon.
2. Which of the
following best describes the topic of the passage?
(A) What causes the
Nipah virus and Japanese Encephalitis virus to happen?
(B) Does Hong Kong flu
originate from pig?
(C) From fowl to pigs to
(D) Is influenza
(E) Shall we eat
3. All of the following
situations are similar to the spread of avian flu virus described in the first
(A) The BT2 spread from
a pig to another pig, and thus causes significant disease in pig.
(B) The AIDS viruses
transferred from monkeys to man and spread across the world.
(C) The SARS virus
originates from some wildlife and is picked up by civet cats from which humans
(D) Nipah virus
circulates in the blood of infected pig, which is bitten by Culex mosquitoes,
the virus replicates in the mosquito's gut. The next time the mosquito bites a
human, the virus is passed on.
(E) H5N1 starts in
chickens and leaps from human to human.
4. What does the author
mean by describing the pig as "mixing vessel"?
(A) Pig is the place
where various viruses reside.
(B) Pig is the pot in
which viruses swap genes and become new, deadly germs.
(C) Viruses are mixed
inside the body of pig.
(D) New germs come to
the body of pig and reside there.
(E) Pig attracts
Indian firms have
achieved the highest levels of efficiency in the world software outsourcing
industry. Some researchers have assumed that Indian firms use the same
programming languages and techniques as Chinese firms but have benefited from
their familiarity with English, the language used to write software code.
However, if this were true, then one would expect software vendors in Hong Kong,
where most people speak English, to perform not worse than do Indian vendors.
However, this is obviously not the case.
Other researchers link
high Indian productivity to higher levels of human resource investment per
engineer. But a historical perspective leads to a different conclusion. When the
two top Indian vendors matched and then doubled Chinese productivity levels in
the mid-eighties, human resource investment per employee was comparable to that
of Chinese vendors. Furthermore, by the late eighties, the amount of fixed
assets required to develop one software package was roughly equivalent in India
and in the China. Since human resource investment was not higher in India, it
had to be other factors that led to higher productivity.
A more fruitful
explanation may lie with Indian strategic approach in outsourcing. Indian
software vendors did not simply seek outsourced contract more effectively: they
made aggressive strategic in outsourcing. For instance, most software firms of
India were initially set up to outsource the contract in western countries, such
as United States. By contrary, most Chinese firms seem to position their
business in China, a promising yet under-developed market. However, rampant
piracy in China took almost 90 percents of potential market, making it
impossible for most Chinese firms to obtain sufficient compensation for the
investment on development and research, let alone thrive in competitive
5. Which of the
following statements concerning the productivity levels of engineers can be
inferred from the passage?
(A) Prior to the 1980's,
the productivity levels of the top Indian software firms were exceeded by those
of Chinese software firms.
(B) The official
language of a country has a large effect on the productivity levels of its
(C) During the late
1980's and early 1990's, productivity levels were comparable in China and India.
(D) The greater the
number of engineers that a software firm has, the higher a firm's productivity
(E) The amount of human
resource investment made by software developers in their firms determines the
level of productivity.
6. The primary purpose of the passage
(A) contrast possible
outcomes of a type of business strategy
(B) suggest more careful
evaluation of a type of business strategy
(C) illustrate various
ways in which a type of business strategy could fail to enhance revenues
(D) trace the general
problems of a company to a certain type of business strategy
(E) criticize the way in
which managers tend to analyze the costs and benefits of business strategies
7. Which of the
following best describes the organization of the first paragraph?
(A) A thesis is
presented and supporting examples are provided.
(B) Opposing views are
presented, classified, and then reconciled.
(C) A fact is stated,
and an explanation is advanced and then refuted.
(D) A theory is
proposed, considered, and then amended.
(E) An opinion is
presented, qualified, and then reaffirmed.
8. According to the
passage, which of the following statements is true of Indian software
(A) Their productivity
levels did not equal those of Chinese software engineers until the late
(B) Their high
efficiency levels are a direct result of English language familiarity.
(C) They develop
(D) They are built to
outsource the western orders.
(E) They develop more
packages of software than do those in Chinese developers.
1. TELESCOPE :
(A) picture : artist
(B) environment : ecologist
(C) element : chemist
(D) brush : painter
(E) movie : director
: NUMBER ::
(A) gas : molecule
(B) snow : precipitation
(C) act : opera
(D) school : fish
(E) crystal : atom
3. HORSE : MARE ::
(A) cat : kitten
(B) human : woman
(C) bull : cow
(D) child : adult
(E) animal : pig
: MILITARY ::
(A) mysterious : runic
(B) tortuous :
(C) objective :
(D) clear :
(E) imprudent :
HEADSTRONG : WILLFULNESS ::
(A) engrossing :
(B) fawning :
(C) venerable : renown
(D) bold : tip
(E) critical :
SIMULTANEOUS : COINCIDE ::
(A) gracious :
(B) fast :
(C) lavish : squander
(D) intriguing :
(E) provocative :
INVINCIBLE : SUBDUED ::
(A) impervious :
(B) persuasive :
(C) impossible : taken
(D) invisible :
(E) despicable :
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