Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Tourist Guide
Kuala Lumpur is the capital of Malaysia, which means “dirty estuary”. The city is located in the southwest of the Malay Peninsula in a low-mountain valley at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers. The population is about 2 million people.
Kuala Lumpur was founded in 1857. From 1880 to 1978 – the capital of Selangor. In 1946-57 at the same time the administrative center of the British colony, in 1957-63 the capital of the independent Federation of Malaya, from 1983 – Malaysia, from 1974 – the status of a Federal territory.
Kuala Lumpur has an equatorial climate, with high rainfall (2427 mm per year). It is warm and humid all year round. Most rain falls in spring (February-May) and autumn (August-December), the rest of the time has somewhat less rain. The temperature in the city never rises above 37.2°C and never falls below 17.7°C. Average daily highs at 30-33°C, lows 22-23°C.
Kuala Lumpur has a rich variety of architectural styles.
Neo-Moorish style (Mughal architecture) The main ensemble of buildings (Former General Post Office, former Supreme Court, City Theater Building and Sultan Abdul-Samad Building) is located on Independence Square, which served as a cricket field during colonial rule. Next to the square are the National Textile Museum and Jamek Mosque. South of the square, on Sultan Hisamuddin Street, opposite each other are the Old Railway Station and the Headquarters of the Malaysian Railways. All buildings were erected in the period of the late XIX – early XX centuries.
There are also 2 Tudor Revival buildings on Independence Square: the Royal Selangor Club and the Anglican St Mary’s Cathedral.
Victorian style. Carcosa Seri Negara – formerly a palace, now an elite hotel in the depths of a large lake park (Taman Tasik Perdana).
The Malaysian Tourist Center and the Pakistani Consulate General are opposite each other on Ampang Road.
Museum of National History and City Library in Independence Square, with neo-Moorish elements from other buildings in the square.
Neogothic. Brickfields Holy Rosary Church
St. John’s Cathedral
Islamic architecture. The most widely Islamic motifs are represented in the architecture of mosques, of which one can distinguish the Federal Territory Mosque (the largest mosque in the city), the National Mosque, the Usada bin Zayed Mosque in the Wangsa Maju area, As-Syakirin in the KLCC park, Yayasan Al-Bukhary at the Hang Tuah station.
The buildings of the planetarium and the museum of Islamic art are built similar to mosques, with a minaret and a dome.
Malay motifs. Since the 1980s, buildings with traditional Malay design elements have been erected in the city.
Maybank Tower, the headquarters of the bank of the same name, made in the form of the Malay dagger Keris.
Menara Telekom, the headquarters of the TM Group, is shaped like a slanted piece of bamboo wood.
The form of Malay headdresses is inspired by the buildings of the Palace of Culture (Istana Budaya) and the building of the National Library.
The building of the national museum is made in the style of the Minangkabau people living on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia and in the Malay state of Negri Sembilan.
The building of the headquarters of Tabung Haji (Pilgrimage Fund for Mecca) is made in the form of a Malay drum.
Late modernism and postmodernism. The Petronas Towers (452 m, 88 floors – one of the tallest buildings in the world), the headquarters of the oil company of the same name, represent an Islamic eight-pointed star with rounded corners in a section.
Exhibition Center Kuala Lumpur.
A large number of skyscrapers.
– National Museum in Kuala Lumpur 5 large parks (the most significant is Taman Tasik Perdana (“Central Lake Park” in Malay) with an orchid park, a butterfly park, a bird park, the National Mosque, the Museum of Islamic Art, the National Monument, boat stations, sports and playgrounds, an open stage) and a large number of squares
– a huge zoo “Zoo Negara” in the suburbs.
– protected areas of virgin forest on some hills (Bukit Nanas).
– a craft complex with a museum (Kompleks Kraf).
– the tourist center of the Royal Selangor factory.
– Malay village Kampung Bahru in the city center.