Sweden Overview

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Sweden has a long history of extensive support for research and development (R&D). Sweden is currently far ahead in terms of investments in a European comparison. Accordingly, the Scandinavian country has been one of the world’s leading countries in the areas of research, innovation, technology and competitiveness for years.

sweden population - fertility rate

Population / geography

Country name Konungariket SverigeKingdom of Sweden

Short form: Sverige / Sweden

Land area 449,696 km²
Population 9,960,487 (July 2017 estimate)
Life expectancy Men: 80.2 yearsWomen: 84.2 years

(2017 estimate)

Age structure 0-14 years: 17.43%15-64 years: 62.31%

65 years and older: 20.26%

(2017 estimate)

Growth of population 0.81% (2017 estimate)
Population groups 76.79% Swedes and indigenous peoples (Finns and Sami)23.21% of non-Swedish origin

(As of 2016)

Languages Swedish (official language)Minority languages: Sami, Finnish and Meänkieli (Finnish dialect)
Religions No state church (since 2000), no official statistics on religious affiliation. About 65% of the Lutheran population are members of the “Church of Sweden” (Svenska Kyrkan). Numerous free Protestant-Christian organizations. Increasing proportion of Muslims and Catholics due to immigrants.
National day 6th of June(Dissolution of the Union with the Danish market and Gustav Wasa’s coronation in 1523)
Time zone CET (UTC + 1);March to October: CET + 1 (UTC + 2).
Currency 1 Swedish krona SEK / 100 oreCurrent exchange rate at OANDA.com – Currency converter (see links below)
Prefix +46

Sources: Countryaah.com


Politics / Administration

Country name Konungariket SverigeKingdom of Sweden
Capital Stockholm
Form of government Constitutional monarchy / parliamentary democracy
Head of state King Carl XVI. Gustafsince September 14, 1973
Head of government Stefan LöfvenPrime Minister

since October 3, 2014

Foreign Minister Margot Wallströmsince October 3, 2014
Minister of Education Anna Ekströmsince January 21, 2019
Science Minister Matilda Ernkrans(Minister for Higher Education and Research)

since January 21, 2019

Houses of Parliament One-chamber systemRiksdag / Reichstag with 349 seats
Ruling parties
  • Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti (S) / Swedish Social Democratic Workers’ Party (100 seats)
  • Miljöpartiet de gröna (MP) / Green Environment Party (16 seats)
Opposition parties
  • Moderata Samlingspartiet (M) / Moderate gathering party (70 seats)
  • SD – Sverigedemokraterna (SD) / Sweden Democrats (62 seats)
  • Centerpartiet (C) / Centerpartiet (31 seats)
  • Vänsterpartiet (V) / Left Party (28 seats)
  • Kristdemokraterna (KD) / Christian Democrats (22 seats)
  • Folkpartiet liberalerna (FP) / Liberal People’s Party (20 seats)

Results of the elections to the Reichstag on September 9, 2018.

Administrative structure 21 provinces (län)

Political system

Sweden is a hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary form of government. The king is head of state with an exclusively representative function.

The Reichstag is elected every four years according to proportional representation with a 4% blocking clause. The Prime Minister is elected by Parliament. He appoints the members of his cabinet.

Sweden has a central administration with small ministries and around 80 decentralized administrative authorities with extensive powers. Government-appointed regional presidents (Landshövding) are active in the 21 districts (Län). There is self-government at the district and municipal level with its own tax sovereignty.

The red-green minority government is dependent on pragmatic cooperation with the Left Party and the bourgeois opposition (Moderate, Liberal, Center Party, Christian Democrats). Because of the tolerance by the opposition, the red-green minority government can implement its program in a fairly stable manner. Its most important domestic political goals are the creation of at least 250,000 new apartments by 2020, the provision of training or jobs for unemployed young people within 90 days, the faster integration of immigrants into the labor market, the expansion of further training opportunities for adults and the improvement of craftsmanship Education in schools, increased investment in public transport, tighter controls for both private schools and healthcare companies,

Sweden politically claims to be one of the countries with the highest gender equality rate. Most political bodies are fairly evenly divided between the sexes. The female employment rate is among the highest in the EU. (As of January 2018)

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